Tag Archives: Five Tip Friday

Five Tip Friday ~ New gestures, modes, Apple Watch and more


1/ Use one-handed zoom in iOS 11’s Maps — As you may know, we’ve long had the ability to double-tap on the Maps screen (and elsewhere around iOS) to zoom in. Each double tap brings you closer to the point on the map you’re focused on until you can zoom in no more.
You can also use the pinch-to-zoom method, but iOS 11’s got a great new zooming feature for one-handed iPhone users; this lets you zoom in easily without juggling the device or endlessly double-tapping the screen. What you’ll do is double-tap but hold on the second tap, then when you drag that finger up and down on the screen, you zoom in and out. Drag up to get closer and down to pull farther out.
This works on any iDevice running iOS 11, and it’s worth practising and getting used to, as it’s really useful, but, for big spenders, there’s a similar gesture …

2/ Use fast app switching on the iPhone X — The iPhone X doesn’t have a Home button, so there’s a new way to use fast app switching.  To see the App Switcher on the next gen iPhone, you swipe up from the bottom of its screen and pause while still touching the display. When the App Switcher appears, you can lift your finger. Now you can swipe right or left to switch back and forth between apps.

(Image from this tip’s source at the Mac Observer)

3/ Create an Ultra Low Power Mode on iPhone X — Now that there’s an iPhone with an OLED screen, battery juice can be saved by even using black wallpapers. But you can go further. Even though iOS already has a Low Power Mode, there are additional settings to tweak for create an Ultra Low Power Mode.
Apple has provided a pure black wallpaper as a default: Settings>Wallpaper>Choose a New Wallpaper>Stills. Set it as the wallpaper for the home screen and lock screen.
To go even further, turn on greyscale. Find this in Settings>General>Accessibility>Display Accommodations>Color Filters. Turn the switch on and select ‘Grayscale’ at the top.
While in Accessibility, scroll down until you see Accessibility Shortcut. Set the shortcut to ‘Smart Invert Colors’. You can turn it on and off by triple-clicking the home button but since the iPhone X doesn’t have a home button, you can assign it to the sleep/wake button.
Finally, turn on iOS’s built-in Low Power Mode. On the iPhone X, swipe down from the right ear at the top to find Control Center. Tap on the battery icon.
No one has quantified exactly how much this will stretch out your battery life, but the next time you’re in a situation where you need ultra low power mode, try this to extend your iPhone X’s life.

4/ Select and move several apps at once — Speaking of gestures, iOS 11 has a cool feature that lets you select and move multiple apps at the same time. It makes organizing your apps a little easier, which is great since that’s not available in iTunes 12.7. However, I think tis only works on iPhone 6s and later, since I can’t do it on my 6. Watch TMO’s video tip at this link to see how it works.

5/ Share Apple Watch Activity progress with friends & family — Launch the Activity iPhone app, then tap the Sharing tab in the lower right. After then hitting Get Started you’ll see a plus symbol in the upper-right, used to add contacts.
The app will then prompt you to type in a person’s contact information, and/or pick from a list of suggested people. You can share with as many individuals as you like, but there is a catch: everyone has to have an Apple Watch, since the Activity app is built around it anyway. People on the opposite end will receive an invite, which they can accept through the Sharing tab.
Returning there, you’ll now see daily summaries for each person including their Move, Exercise, and Stand rings, as well as Move progress broken out into percentages and calories. Select the “Name” button in the upper-left and you can sort by different break-out data.
Similar information is available on your Watch. From the watchOS 4 Activity app, swipe left to get to the Sharing screen, then tap on any person’s name. Initially you’ll just see their Activity rings, but using the digital crown you can scroll down to see more. You’ll note that when scrolling down to the bottom of a summary or the Sharing screen, there’s a shortcut to send an iMessage.
By default, your Watch will automatically notify you whenever someone finishes a workout, wins an achievement, or closes all three rings. These notifications include an option to send a preset reply, whether for boasting or cheering someone on.
If this all gets bothersome, there are a few options. From any daily summary in the iPhone app, you can choose to mute notifications from that person, or remove them as a friend entirely. (Should you decide you need some privacy, there’s also a Hide My Activity option.)

Extra — Freeing up space. This tip is so long, I have just linked it.

[At this point I have published over 585 tips on Mac NZ!]

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Five Tip Friday ~ macOS views and Safari tracking and URLs


1/ Use a keyboard shortcut for display mirroring in Mac OS High Sierra — Display mirroring is when your external monitor and laptop display show the same screen, instead of dividing the view between. The shortcut to the System Preferences > Displays > Arrangement > Mirror Displays command is Command-F1, which turns display mirroring on and off in macOS High Sierra.

2/ Use Night Shift in macOS High Sierra — macOS High Sierra has Night Shift, a feature brought over from iOS. It helps you reduce the amount of blue light you’re exposed to during the evening by shifting the display of a Mac to a more yellow tone, which is supposed to assist you later, together to sleep.  The proliferation of electronics with screens, as well as energy-efficient lighting, is increasing our exposure to blue wavelengths, especially after sundown, and this may affect sleeping patterns.
Open the System Preferences app.
Click Displays.
Select Night Shift.
You can turn Night Shift on or off. Set it to come on from sunset to sunrise — or you can use the Customize options to implement it for the hours of your choosing.
You can also adjust the colour temperature via a slider, but warmer settings may affect the appearance of some onscreen motion.

3/ Disable Split View in Mail — For those who use Mail in full-screen mode, you may have noticed that High Sierra now defaults to a split-screen view when you’re composing a message or when you’ve double-clicked on an email to open it in its own window. If you’re not a fan of this, it’s really easy to disable. Choose Preferences from the Mail menu at the top of your screen, then click on the General tab. ‘Prefer opening messages in split view when in full screen’ is the checked box, so uncheck that box. When you do so, Mail’s full-screen mode reverts to its previous behaviour.

4/ Block Cross-site tracking in Safari — Apple promised a way to block websites from cross-site tracking in Safari in macOS High Sierra and iOS 11. The idea is that you won’t see ads for a product you just looked up when you on, say, a news site. If you’re still seeing ads like that after upgrading to Apple’s new operating systems it’s easy to see if preventing cross-site tracking is really enabled.
Launch Safari on your Mac
Go to Safari > Preferences from the menu bar
Click the Privacy tab
Check ‘Prevent cross-site tracking’
(This is also where to  find the ‘Ask websites not to track me’ setting.)
You can do this on iOS, too. Prevent Cross-Site Tracking in iOS 11 involves a trip to the Settings app, under Safari.

5/ Show full website addresses in Safari — Starting around OS X Yosemite, Apple has chosen to have Safari hide full website addresses by default. Instead, it only shows a basic name domain in the field at the top of browsers.
Go into Safari preferences by pressing Command (⌘) + Comma, or from the Safari menu, choose Preferences. Click on the Advanced tab at the far right.
The first menu item you’ll see is the Smart Search Field. Check or uncheck the box to turn the feature on or off: checking the box will show the full URL.
This lets you quickly see which part of a website you’re in.

Five Tip Friday ~ Some for iOS 11 (and iOS)


1/ Scan QR codes in iOS 11 — Apple has added QR support to iOS 11 so you can scan QR codes directly in the Camera app, without the need for a third-party app as previously:
Open the Camera app and make sure the rear facing camera is enabled.
Point the camera viewfinder at the QR code. Make sure the code is entirely visible in the view finder.
Hold the camera steady. The QR code will be scanned instantly and you’ll see a notification at the top of the iPhone or iPad screen describing what kind of QR code you’ve scanned (website QR Code, Calendar QR code, etc).|
You’ll see what action the QR code can perform (add event to your calendar, open page in Safari). You don’t have to to press the capture or shutter button. Just pointing the camera and holding it steady at the QR code is all you need to do.

2/ Stop apps from asking for reviews in iOS 11 — If you dislike the pop-up windows from apps constantly asking you to leave a review in iOS 11, you put an end to it.
Go to the Settings app.
Tap on iTunes, then App Store.
Turn the In-App Ratings & Review option off. Phew!

3/ Add the Magnifier to Control Center — The iOS Magnifier feature is a way to use your device as kind of a low-powered set of binoculars or a magnifying glass. It has been around since iOS 10 – a triple-click of the Home button boots it up if you have turned the feature on in Settings. In  iOS 11, tough, you can now add an icon for it into Control Center.
First, visit the Settings app and look for the Control Center section.
Tap that, then Customize Controls. Scroll down and touch the plus button next to Magnifier and it’ll appear at the top of your list under the Include section.
You can also drag any of the three-lined icons shown to the right of the tools above to set the order in which you want them to appear in Control Center. The next time you bring up Control Center by swiping up from the bottom of your Home Screen, you’ll see your new addition.

4/ Change Key Frames in Live Photos — One of the newest features in iOS 11 is the ability to change the key frames in Live Photos [a gimmick I’ve never got, but if you use it …]. The key frame is what appears in Photos to show what the sequence is, and it’s typically chosen automatically when you snap the picture.
Tap on the Live Photo you want to change, then, tap Edit in the top right corner. You’ll see a slider at the bottom of the photo with all of the frames available within the Live Photo. To change the key frames in Live Photos, you move the selector of that slider back and forth until you find the frame you like.
Once you’ve found the frame you prefer, tap on Make Key Photo to set the key frame of the Live Photo to the frame you like best.

5/ Teach Siri to correctly pronounce names on your iPhone — Asking Siri to text or call contacts is one of the virtual assistant’s basic functions, but some names can be hard for the system to understand and pronounce. AppleInsider shows you how to ensure correct pronunciation, and contact retrieval, in this video. [This also works in iOS 10.]

Five Tip Friday ~ macOS High Sierra and collaboration


1/ How to work on files together in macOS High Sierra — It’s easy to work on files together in macOS High Sierra. When you share a file in iCloud Drive, you and your team can all work in the same document – and never wonder who has the latest version.
Open the Finder, then choose iCloud Drive or a folder you’re syncing to iCloud (such as Desktop or Documents). Select a file (sorry, you can’t share a folder) and click the share button atop the window. Or just right-click a file and then click Share. You’ll see an Add People option in the share menu.
You can use Mail, Messages, Twitter, Facebook, AirDrop. When you select one of these options, a link to your file will be sent instead of an attachment.
There’s also a Copy Link button on the Add People menu. It lets you copy the link to a file to your clipboard to paste when you wish.

2/ Share notes form iBooks and macOS High Sierra — iBooks started in iOS, and the ability to share or export notes is a little better on iOS than it is in macOS High Sierra. Still, it’s not as intuitive or obvious as it should be.
Start with a note. To view all notes you have added to the book (ie an iBook in the iBooks app), tap the table of contents icon, then the Notes tab at the top. But you have to Tap Edit Notes > Select All. The notes get a check mark from being selected, and the Share button lights up. When you tap Share, you get a new menu with one option by default: Mail. Tap the Mail icon, and an email sheet will open where you can decide where to send it.
You can share notes from iBooks in macOS High Sierra, too, but it’s even less obvious. First, get to your notes by tapping the Notes icon. Click on a note to select it. If you then right click on the note (you can also just right-click to select in the first place), you get the option to Copy, or to share via Mail, Messages, Notes, Twitter, or Facebook, as shown below.
Here’s the bad news: you can only export/share one note at a time. While you can shift-click or option-slick to select multiple notes at one time, rick clicking on any of them deselects all but the one you’re right-clicking on. You’d have to share one note at a time and then copy-paste each of them into an email or other app to share them all at once.

3/ Pin a note to the top of your list in macOS High Sierra — Remember that Notes syncs across devices and Macs signed into the same iCloud account already, so it’s already ‘collaborative’. If you have a note that you update often, like a to-do list or shared brainstorm? You can pin it to the top of a list in macOS High Sierra.
Launch the Notes app and choose a note.
Click on File in the App menu at the upper left of the screen, then choose Pin Note.
The note is always easy to find. It will remain at the top of your list under a section called Pinned Notes, no matter what changes you make to the rest of your notes, or on which device. Pinned notes sync across all of your devices connected with the same iCloud account.
To unpin a note, launch the Notes app and choose a pinned note. Click on File in the App menu, and select Unpin Note.

4/ Use Keyboard Shortcuts in Apple Notes — You can use keyboard shortcuts in Apple Notes. It’s really fast to navigate and perform tasks on your Mac with keys, so try to do this whenever you can, at least when doing tasks in an app. Here’s a list of the commands.

5/ Use your iPhone or iPad as an Audio Input on your Mac — Your iPhone is a powerful communication device, so what if you want to play or record some of the audio from it through your Mac—like maybe for a podcast you’re recording. Turns out it’s easy and your Mac can even see your iPhone as just another audio input source. Read on to learn how to set it up.
To play audio from your iPhone or iPad you’ll need to a Lightning to USB cable, like the one that came with your device for charging and syncing. Connect your iPhone or iPad to your Mac with the cable, and then launch Audio Midi Setup on your computer. It’s in Applications/Utilities.
Use Audio Midi Setup to turn your iPhone into a new input source on your Mac
Now select your iPhone or iPad from the device list on the left and click Enable. Your iPhone or iPad will show up as a new input source in Sound Preferences so any audio playing on the device will play through your speakers, headphones, or other selected audio out device on your Mac.
This is a cool and easy way to use the audio on your iPhone in a podcast without having to find a way to first export it. The only limitation is that phone calls won’t play out – so you can’t use this as a way to record conversations.

Five Tip Friday ~ macOS High Sierra offers new features too


1/ How to Enable Type to Siri in macOS High Sierra — Just like in iOS 11, you can enable Type to Siri in macOS High Sierra. This is a feature that lets you type queries to Siri, just like you would a search engine. It’s useful for people who may feel awkward talking to their iPhone or Mac. It’s also helpful in certain situations where silence is a virtue, like in a library. Here’s how to turn in on in macOS.
Open System Preferences, then go to Accessibility. Scroll to the bottom and click on Siri in the left sidebar. You’ll see a checkbox that lets you turn on Type to Siri.
Next, go back into System Preferences and click on the Siri icon. You can enable or disable voice feedback, should you wish.

2/ Check a flight status using Spotlight — High Sierra has made it easier to check the status of a current or upcoming flight. Click on Spotlight’s magnifying-glass icon in the upper-right corner of your screen or press Spotlight’s keyboard shortcut (Command-Spacebar). Now type in the airline and flight number into the search bar that’ll appear.
If you end up with multiple results in the left-hand list, click through them to find the particular flight you’re looking for (and get more information on it).
You can also tell you have got than one result by the little pips at the bottom of the right-hand pane. This indicates you could swipe to view each of the results in turn if you’d rather do that than click them.

3/ Stop videos from auto-playing in Safari — Open Safari and go to Safari>Preferences. Click on the Websites tab, then select Auto-Play from the sidebar. Within this list, you’ll see the websites you currently have open and ones you’ve previously configured auto-play settings for (if any), both with drop-downs next to them:
Allow All Auto-Play – all videos on the site can autoplay.
Stop Media with Sound – only videos that don’t have audio will autoplay.
Never Auto-Play – no videos can autoplay.
Finally, there’s a drop-down at the bottom of that window that’ll allow you to change the global setting.
By default, Safari should stop all media with sound, but if you’d like to be a bit more heavy-handed, you could switch this to Never Auto-Play. Yes!

4/ Set up Custom Reminders — You set a reminder for yourself that repeats on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, or configure one that pops up on the first weekend day of every month, whenever that happens to fall.
Open the Reminders app and click on a blank line to type in the title of your item. Hover your cursor over your new reminder afterward, and you should see a small ‘i’. Click that and you’ll see the options for how you’ll be reminded. To set up a custom repeat, select On a Day, and then click next to the Repeat section. A drop-down menu will offer you a Custom choice. Set a frequency for your repeated reminder: daily, weekly, monthly or yearly. Every frequency type has its own options; for example, weekly lets you pick multiple days of the week on which to get your notifications.
You can do the same thing with Monthly or use the drop-down menus at the bottom to get reminded on, say, the first weekend day of every month. Just click Done to commit.
[Most of these tips, including the one above, came from Melissa Holt at the Mac Observer.]

5/ Use ‘Grep’ to Find Matching Lines — This one’s a bit more pointy-headed. The Terminal doesn’t care if you know what you’re doing, which is why it’s always a great idea to be careful what you type in it! But one command that’s simple to use (at least at its most basic level) is grep. You can use grep to pull lines that contain search terms out of a text file. Here’s how it works: Let’s pretend this text file of mine has many hundreds of lines of data that I need to paw through.
Terminal lives in your Applications>Utilities folder. It gives you a prompt to start (ending with a dollar sign) – type ‘grep test’ (without the the single quotes).
Now you have to tell Terminal which file to run things on. An easy way to do this is by making sure to type a space after your search term, and then drag and drop the file you want to search onto the Terminal window. The program will fill in the path to the file for you,.
If you then press Return on your keyboard, the Terminal window will fill up with the lines that match your search.
There’s a lot more detail, plus pictures, at the Mac Observer.

Five Tip Friday ~ since iOS 11 is so new, here are some more details of its new features


1/ Manually implement Do Not Disturb mode in iOS 11 — The Do Not Disturb feature of iOS  designed to help users stay more focused while they’re behind the wheel of an automobile. It usually kicks in automatically, but you can set it manually.
Do Not Disturb limits notifications on demand or during a schedule you set up. Along with limiting or muting notifications, it can also reply to contacts who send you messages while you’re driving, giving them a heads-up that you’re on the road.
Open the Settings app, tap Do Not Disturb, scroll down to Do Not Disturb While Driving. Tap on “Activate” to choose how you want Do Not Disturb While Driving to be turned on.
If you don’t want to use Do Not Disturb While Driving, set it to manual.

2/ Using the new Messages effects — A couple of new effects are available under iOS 11, dubbed “Echo” and “Spotlight.” To see them, you’ll first type your message, then press with a little force (if your device supports 3D Touch) or press and hold briefly (if it doesn’t) on the blue sending arrow. You’ll then see two tabs at the top for the types of effects you can use: Bubble and Screen.
The Bubble effects only animate the message bubble itself, not the whole screen. Invisible Ink, for example, will require your recipient to tap your message to reveal it.
The new iOS 11 effects are under the Screen section, though, so touch that tab to open it. Once you’re there, you’ll see the first new effect: Echo.
The second new screen effect is called Spotlight – you’ll see it when you swipe from right to left.
When you’re satisfied with the effect you picked, just touch the blue sending arrow again, and your recipient will see your creation.
Be sure, though, to listen to these with your volume up at some point, too, because the sound effects are pretty amusing.

3/ Choose which Control Center widgets to use — The old iOS Control Center had a specific set of controls: Airplane mode button, a Do Not Disturb toggle, a flashlight button, a timer shortcut, and so on. Now, it you don’t want a particular button showing up in Control Center? Just remove it using the Customize setting [sorry about all the US spellings but sic].
For sample, if you want to keep the  Control Center flashlight but could do without the Calculator shortcuts, tap Settings, Control Center, Customize, then start tweaking.
To remove a setting from Control Center, find it in the Include section, tap the red circle next to its name, then tap the Remove button. To add a control, scroll down to More Controls, then tap the green “+” button.
You can rearrange your custom Control Center buttons by holding and dragging the three-line handles next to their names.

4/ Tap and hold a Control Center button to see more options — Simply tapping the Flashlight button in Control Center on an iPhone toggles the flashlight on and off. But if you tap and hold (or “deep press” on an iPhone 6s or later) the Flashlight button, you reveal a five-level slider that lets you adjust the brightness of the flashlight.
Tap and hold the Brightness slider, and you’ll find a button for Night Shift, the sleep-friendly iOS feature that adjusts the color of the screen to warmer, eye-soothing temperatures.
Tap and hold the Timer button and you’ll get a slider that lets you change the length of the timer by swiping up or down.
If you tap and hold the Camera button, you’ll reveal a pair of handy shortcuts: one for Take Selfie, another for Record Video.
Tap and hold others to reveal more hidden Control Center functions.

5/ Turn off iOS 11 Smart Punctuation to avoid data entry problems — An unexpected side effect of Apple’s new Smart Punctuation feature in iOS 11 has manifested and is causing some problems with apps that use Core Data to store strings. Here’s how to turn off Smart Punctuation, and why you might want to for now.
First spotted by SongSheet app developer Gabriel Hauber, Smart Punctuation is periodically inserting a null byte. Specifically, if the user enters two dashes, it generates an en-dash. If the user enters three, then the en-dash is displayed, but a null-byte is appended after the en-dash.
The null byte insertion prematurely ends a string, which as a best case causes a truncation of data —but can also lead to instability and crashing.
In all likelihood, Apple is already working on a fix, and given a brief perusal of developer documentations, it appears to be able to be temporarily disabled by app developers. However, to fix the problem on your personal devices and sidestep the issue for now in its entirety, here’s how to turn off the feature.
In Settings, tap General. Then, tap Keyboards, and toggle Smart Punctuation to off.

Five Tip Friday ~ For those other Apple devices (AirPods, Apple TV, Watch)


1/ Set separate controls for left and right AirPods in Apple’s iOS 11 — Installing iOS 11 also updates the functionality of connected AirPods, giving users the ability to set separate, customisable controls for each wireless earpiece. Apple’s AirPods are more functional in iOS 11, thanks to new options found in the Settings app.
Open Settings on a connected iPhone or iPad, then choose Bluetooth. Find your AirPods in the list and tap the ‘i’ button to the right while connected. There you’ll find new control options, including the ability to set different controls for the left and right AirPod. For example, the left AirPod could be set to play or pause a track, while the right one could invoke Siri.

2/ Arrange, hide and delete Apple TV apps in tvOS 11 — If you’ve downloaded an app to your Apple TV, but don’t use it any more and are tired of seeing it take up space on the tvOS interface, you can move and hide apps with ease.
On your Siri Remote or Apple TV Remote, hold down the Touch surface until the app starts to jiggle.
To move the app on Siri Remote or Apple TV Remote, swipe left, right, up, or down.
When you’re finished, press the Touch surface or press Select.
Repeat these steps to move other apps.
To delete an app: Highlight the app you want to delete.
Hold down the Touch surface or Select until the app starts to jiggle.
Then press the Play/Pause button and choose Delete or Hide.
Repeat these steps to delete other apps.

3/ Create folders in tvOS 11 — With a fourth or fifth generation Apple TV and tvOS 11, you can create folders in which you can collect similar apps. To create a folder:
Navigate to one app that you want in the folder.
Press down and hold the Siri Remote or Apple Remote to select the app. It will jiggle when selected.
Drag your finger lightly on the trackpad to move the app and hover over a second app that you wish to place in the same folder. A new folder will automatically appear.
Press the trackpad on the Siri or Apple remote to drop it into the newly created folder.
Press the Home button on the Siri Remote to go back to the Home screen in tvOS.

4/ Adjust your Move goal on the fly — Open the Activity app on the Watch itself and press with a little force on the screen shown at left, and you’ll see a couple of new options. Weekly Summary is pretty cool in and of itself, but the choice we need here is Change Move Goal.
Touch that, and you can use the plus and minus buttons to move your calorie target around.
When you’re satisfied, touch “Update,” and your new move goal will be applied. So you can start reaching for the stars! Or reaching for the couch, I guess, depending on which way you adjusted your goal.

5/ Activate the Flashlight Strobe and Red Light Modes —  Bring up the control panel as usual by swiping upwards from the bottom of the watch face. Look for the flashlight icon. Tap it. The first pane is the normal flashlight mode. It will pause briefly at low brightness, then change to a higher brightness. Swipe to the left on the watch face to get to the strobe mode. This is useful when you want to be noticed. For example, walking or running in the evening. Swipe one more time to the left to get to the red light mode. This is most useful when you need some light but want to retain your nighttime dark adaption. (Red light doesn’t affect your dark adaption.)
As usual, the three dots at the bottom of the display indicate where you are in the three modes.
The red light mode also has two levels of brightness. Thightfully shows the time of day. To change between two brightness levels in any mode, tap the center of the watch face. To exit, just press the Digital Crown.

Five Tip Friday ~ Some tips for iOS 10: PDFs to iCloud; Notes and Calendar


iOS 11 is imminent – most of these will work for that too, though, so here’s to 10.

1/ Save a PDF to iCloud — If you can print a particular item in iOS 10, you can save it as a PDF. You can also share a newly created PDF through a message or an email.
First open any app you can print from. In this case, I’m using Safari, so I’ll start the printing process by tapping the Sharesheet icon (an upwards arrow in a rectangle – it’s circled in the image at left). Once the options screen opens, swipe to find Print along the bottom row of icons and once you tap that, you will see a preview of how my webpage would look if you printed it.
But here’s the hidden feature: place two fingers on the screen and pinch outwards to open on the little preview image and you will be taken to the PDF version of the item. Yet another Sharesheet allows you to save the PDF to iCloud Drive with an icon on the bottom row of the subsequent screen
You can also do the typical sharing stuff with your PDF: add it to a message or an email, or other options.
[From Melissa Holt at  Mac Observer.]

2/ In Notes on iPhone/iPad, use an On My [Device] account — If you’re really concerned about the security of data you type into your notes, you should probably lock the important ones. Also, though, you can choose to store certain notes only on one device or another as opposed to syncing them all through iCloud. You could keep a list on your iPhone but not pull it onto the family iPad that’s signed into your iCloud account, for example.
Visit Settings on the device you’d like to store local notes on, and then go to the Notes section. At the bottom is a toggle for adding an On My [Device] account. Turn that on, and you can choose where to add any new notes by visiting the section in question from your main Notes window; for example, choose Notes under On My iPhone to create or edit anything that lives only on that one device.

3/ Stop; collaborate and listen — If you’re writing a note and look at the top of your screen, you’ll see a silhouette icon. Tap that, and your device’ll walk you through adding someone as a collaborator.
This means that anyone you add to that note will be able to see changes you make to it, which could be handy for all sorts of shared tasks. The only caveat is that you can only use this feature through iCloud, so you’ve gotta be logged in. (And if you need more info, check out Apple’s support article on this.)

4/ Save media you add to Notes — If you need to remember to buy or do something, taking a picture within a note is a good way to accomplish that. To do so, just tap on the little plus button within a note if you don’t see the toolbar then pick the camera icon to snap a picture.
The default means that none of those saved images and videos are added to your photo library, but if you’d like to switch that up, visit Settings> Notes and change that option. Afterward, the media you save in Notes will be saved in Photos, too.
(Within Settings> Notes, there’s also an option labeled New Notes Start With. If you’re not fond of your notes always having a big bold title or heading at the top, you can change that to ‘body’ and it’ll all just be regular text.)
[These Notes tips also came from Melissa Holt at Mac Observer.]

5/ Automatic reminders for events you set in Calendar — There’s no need to manually add a reminder to each and every meeting in your calendar. Instead, you can set the iOS Calendar app to automatically add a reminder for any new events you create. Tap Settings, choose Calendar, then tap the Default Alert Times setting.
Now select automatic alert times for up to three different types of Calendar events: birthdays, generic events and all-day events. For birthdays and all-day events, you can set a default alert anywhere from a week before to the morning of the event. For standard events, your auto-reminder choices range from a week before to the moment the event begins.
You can even add a Time to leave reminder that’ll let you know when to start commuting to an event, provided you’ve filled in the event’s Location field. Just enable the Time to Leave setting.
Back out of the Settings screen, head back to the Calendar app, and create a new event. When you do, you will see an alert already set up. [There are more iOS Calendar tips at Here’s The Thing.]

Five Tip Friday ~ Connection problems and how to resolve them


I have Gigabit Fibre, via Vodafone, and it can be really quick, at least outside peak times, but I just wish it was more reliable. Damn me it it doesn’t drop out at least once a day, if not more. Actually, my Vodafone connection has always done this, and it’s a pain in the you-know-what, although things are usually resolved with a modem restart, for some reason. I have called Vodafone many, many times but 1/ it can take forever to get a human to talk to, and 2/ the problem has never been fixed, although I’ve been through several modems over several years. Anyway, here are some tips to get you back online.

1/ Is it your internet connection or your wifi? My Apple TV is connected via wifi to stream iTunes and Netflix onto the TV in my lounge. Inevitably around 8pm, when seemingly everyone else in New Zealand is doing the same thing (heavy internet load), connection gets flaky. The easiest way to tell whether it’s the wifi zone in my house that’s down or the entire internet (my connection to it, anyway) is to whip out my iPhone, drag upwards from below the bottom of the screen (nay he Home button) to launch the Control Center, and tap Airplane Mode. This disables every connection into and out of the iPhone: cellular, Bluetooth and WiFi. But the great thing about this feature is that once it’s initiated, you can turn Bluetooth and WiFi on separately.
[Bonus tip: this is how you avoid Roaming Charges when you are overseas. You can stop your iPhone or iPad trying to find local cellphone networks, hence plus charging you for roaming, while still enjoying local public or hotel/airport/private WiFi, or a Bluetooth connection within, say, a car, by using Airplane Mode and turning on the two other services independently – in the picture, you can see Airplane Mode is activated as there’s a plane icon at the very top left of the screen, and the Airplane Mode button is orange, but also that the WiFi button is on, as it’s blue.]
Anyway, back to my lounge. with Airplane Mode on and WiFi on, if a page loads in Safari, I know it’s loading over my WiFi network and not over cellular, which is off, so any problems with the Apple TV are with the Apple TV itself rather than my bigger internet connection.

2/ Turn your modem off — This is also known as a Hard Reset. Most internet modems have a button on the back for power. Our it off. Count slowly to 5. Turn it back on. wait about 2 minutes and check if things are connecting. In most cases, this fixes my problem. [NB, ISPs like Vodafone in New Zealand hate you turning off the Optical Link modem, which, if you have fibre, your Modem is connected to, since it’s beyond their jurisdiction.]

3/ Test for Packet Loss — Packet loss is one type of connection issue. It can happen if you have a weak Wi-Fi signal or bad Ethernet cable, but it can also happen if your ISP’s connection is flaky. The tool ping is available from the Terminal of every build of macOS and OS X (and MacOS X before that!). To test your connection, open up the Terminal (it’s in the Utilities folder within your Applications folder), type in ‘ping http://www.apple.com’ (without the single quotes) and press enter.
This command sends requests to http://www.apple.com and looks for replies from the same. By default these should happen once per second. You’ll see the display show them as they happen, and they should be consistent. The icmp_seq field should increment sequentially, and the time should be about the same (within 15ms). After 20 or 30 seconds of this, press Control-C to stop the output and get a summary. Packet loss should read 0.0%. If there is any packet loss or a wide variation in response time, that can be an indication that yo
u have a connection problem.
Here’s the trick: it’s possible this test might identify packet loss within your home so, if you do see packet loss, be sure to repeat the test with a Mac that is Ethernet-connected to your router. If that test shows packet loss, then you likely have an ISP problem. Similarly, if the Ethernet-connected Mac shows no packet loss but your Wi-Fi connected Mac at the other end of the house does, then you might need to beef up your Wi-Fi connection with a new router.

4/ Test the Ping inside your own local network — Now that you know how to use ping, you can also use it inside your network. Open up a Terminal window again and type ‘ping’ (without the ingle quotes) followed by the IP address of your router (open System Preferences, tap the Network tab, highlight your network connection – it’s typically the one at the top of the list – and click TCP/IP. If you’re on a Wi-Fi connection, click the Advanced… button and then TCP/IP. In that screen you should see your Router address which always looks something like 192.168.76.1.
By looking at the TCP/IP section of the Network prefpane, you can find your router address.
The same analysis as above applies. If you see any packet loss or wide variations in response time, you almost certainly have a Wi-Fi issue because these ping tests are only happening locally between your Mac and your router, not using the internet. [From the Mac Observer.[

5/ Enter the world of surreality — That’s right, call your provider. Once again, than goodness, your iPhone can help out as it has speakerphone. Call your ISP’s free number (Vodafone is 777, from cellphones). Launch the Phone app, tap the number on the keypad, tap the speaker icon at top right, and at least you can put your phone down and keep doing things until someone answers.
And the surreality? The other day I got a call from a  Vodafone Service Representative. “We have noticed you have made several calls to our help desk. How would you rate our service?”
“Pleasant and helpful, but the problem has never been resolved.”
“That’s good to hear, is there anything else we can help you with?”
“What? I said the problem has never been resolved.”
“Great! If you’d like to call my supervisor (supplies number) and tell her I’ve done a good job, that would be really nice.”
“What? Like I said …” Click… (Disconnection tone.) Gah!

Five Tip Friday ~ Memories, screenshots, Preview views Exif data, wrangles GIFs


1/ Use Memories in the Photos app in macOS Sierra — Apple revamped the Photos App in macOS Sierra, adding a Memories feature, which is designed to help you rediscover favourite and forgotten moments from deep in your photo library. Memories automatically creates curated collections of your most meaningful photos and videos.
To use it, open the Photos app and click Memories in the left sidebar. You’ll see a summary of the Memory’s contents, chosen from the best photos in your library. Choose Show All to see every photo and video in the Memory.
Scroll down to see the people included in the Memory, a map showing where the photos and videos were taken, and a list of related Memories for you to explore. At the bottom of your Memory, you can find options to add the Memory to your favorites or delete it.

2/ Save a Memory movie in macOS Sierra — Scroll to the bottom of the screen and tap or click Add to Favorite Memories. You’ll find it in the Favorite [sic] Memories album of your Photos app. If you decide that you don’t want to save a Memory anymore, tap or click Remove from Favorite Memories.
When you add a Memory to your Favorites [sic ditto], you preserve it and keep it from going away when Photos creates new Memories. You can also share your experiences with friends and family. On your Mac, you can share the photos and videos from your Memory when you click.
On your iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch, play a Memory movie, then tap on it to show the editing and sharing options. Tap  and choose to share the movie through Messages, Mail, iCloud Photo Sharing, and your favourite social media sites.

3/ Directly paste Screenshots into Documents — First, hold down Command (⌘) + Shift + 4, to bring up the screenshot selection tool.
Next, hold down Control, and make your selection on the screen using your mouse.Click and drag diagonally, and when you let go, the screenshot is captured.
Open whatever document you want to paste the selection into, including email messages and web-page windows of sites you control, or Facebook, say, and press Command (⌘) +  V or right-click/control-click and choose Paste from the pop-out Contextual Menu, or select Paste from the Edit menu, and the screenshot you captured is pasted right there.

4/ View photo metadata, called Exif, using Preview Inspector — Preview is a superb and deceptively simple app built into macOS that has multiple uses, like viewing PDFs, photos and more. Preview Inspector is one its powerful, hidden features that makes Preview so useful.
Short for Exchangeable image file format, Exif data contains important information about a photo. Location, camera model, color space, exposure and more are contained in each image. If you need to quickly look at this information, using Preview is the easiest way.
Find the image you want in Finder, then right-click (or hold down your Control key and click on it) and select Open With Preview fro the menu that pops out.


Next, in Preview, click on Tools > Show Inspector in the menubar (or press ⌘ + I on your keyboard).
In the next window that pops up, click on the Exif tab. You’ll then see all of the pertinent information about your image.

5/ View and grab GIF frames in Preview — Open the GIF image in Preview – if this doesn’t happen when you double-click a GIF file, drag-and-drop the GIF onto the Preview icon in the Dock, or use macOS’s Quick Look feature to open the image (click the GIF’s icon ONCE, then press the spacebar, then click ‘Open with Preview’ in the upper right of the Quick Look window.
In Preview’s sidebar, scroll to the frame you want to save. Control- or Right-click and select Export As.
You can then export it in the file formats JPEG, PNG or PDF.

Five Tip Friday ~ for iOS and Apple Watch


1/ Change the Playlist pictures in iOS Music — By default, playlists within the Music app use the albums’ artwork as their identifying image. But you can take a picture to use or grab one from your Photos library: here’s how on iPhone/iPad.
Open the Music app, and then click on the Library tab to visit the Playlists section.
Touch the one you’d like to change the picture on, and tap the Edit button at top right on the subsequent screen.
In this editing mode, you’ll see a small photo icon appear on the playlist’s image at top left – tap that.
You’ll be given an option to either take a photo or choose one from your library.Choose, or take, and tap Done to finish the job.
The change will sync to your other devices if you’re using iCloud Music Library. Cool, right?

2/ Use your Apple Watch to auto unlock your Mac — Apple added a feature in macOS Sierra and watchOS 3 called Auto Unlock. This lets you automatically unlock your Mac by waking it up. It’s handy to use and easy to set up if you have an Apple Watch running watchOS 3 and a mid-2013 or newer Mac running macOS Sierra 10.2 or newer.
First you’ll need to set up two-factor authentication for your Apple ID, as this doesn’t work with two-step verification. Apple has a support page to switch from verification to authentication (Mac Observer has an article on setting up 2FA here).
Once that’s set up, turn on Bluetooth and Wi-Fi on your Mac. You’ll also need to be signed into your Watch and Mac with the same Apple ID and your Mac can’t be using Internet Sharing. Check to make sure in System Preferences > Sharing. Next, go to System Preferences > Security & Privacy.
Both your Mac and Apple Watch need to be set up with a passcode. On your Watch, go to Settings > Passcode > Turn Passcode On. On your Mac, go to System Preferences > Users & Groups > Change Password.
Now on your Mc, click on the Apple icon () in the upper left corner of your screen.
Click System Preferences > Security & Privacy > General.
Check the box next to Allow your Apple Watch to unlock your Mac.
It will take a couple of seconds to activate. Now, the next time you need to wake up your Mac, Apple Watch auto unlock will automatically unlock it. It’s just magic.

3/ Ditch the Honeycomb App Grid in watchOS 4 — Along with the Developer Beta 1 of iOS 11, Apple also recently released the first preview version of watchOS 4. This developer beta (so still not generally available to everyone) brings some under-the-hood enhancements, new watch faces and more intelligence and fitness features. It also includes something that wasn’t announced – you can now ditch the awkward honeycomb app grid and instead get a list of your installed apps:
Press the Digital Crown to get to your Apple Watch Home screen. Then, Force Touch the screen and a brand new configuration panel shows up.
Choose between grid view or list view.
Once you’ve made the switch, you can scroll normally through your apps in a list, sorted alphabetically. You can also rotate the Digital Crown to move through your apps, which are sorted alphabetically.
There isn’t any way to rearrange your apps in List View, at least for now. Bear in mind, though, this is still only Developer Beta 1 of watchOS 4 so more changes may be yet to come in future beta versions of the wearable operating system. The developer beta is available now, and the full release is expected in northern autumn 2017.
(It’s also worth noting that watchOS 4 will leave some iPhone owners out in the cold. It requires a paired iPhone 5S or later with iOS 11 to download and install. This is because Apple has removed 32-bit device support in iOS 11. Devices like the iPhone 4S, iPhone 5, and iPhone 5C are only 32-bit devices, so they aren’t supported by the latest version of the operating system.)

4/ iMazing — You know how getting files off an iPhone or iPad onto a Mac can be a mission, mostly because AirDrop only works sometimes? An app for macOS called iMazing changes all that. It’s not cheap though: a single license for iMazing costs US$39.99, a universal license is US$49.99, or you can get five licenses US$69.99 (for both Windows and Mac). all you need to do to unleash this power is plug your iPhone/iPad into your Mac with the charge cable (since it’s USB at the end that goes into the power charger). For example, via iTunes, it’s easy to transfer music from Mac to iPhone or iPad. What if you want to export tracks off your iOS device? That’s not possible in iTunes, but it’s a snap with iMazing: select the media files you want, whether they’re songs, movies, TV shows, podcasts, or audiobooks, then click Export to Folder, and iMazing will happily transfer them to your hard drive. It’s even smart about it, recognising the tracks you already have in iTunes and leaving them alone.

5/ Archive and even print Messages — If you want to save your text messages and iMessage conversations to your desktop, or even print them, with iMazing you can. It doesn’t matter if you want a PDF, text document, comma-separated values (CSV, like a spreadsheet) file, or a full printout of your messages, this app can handle it. You can also export attachments separately, for those times when you want to get a bunch of images out of your text message history.

There’s lots more about this app at Mac Observer.

Five Tip Friday ~ Safari, privacy, wiFi and the Help Viewer


1/ Zoom in Safari using a Magic Trackpad — In the Trackpad or Mouse system preference pane, click the Scroll & Zoom tab, and then you can opt to check or uncheck Smart Zoom. Now, when you double-tap with two fingers, Safari and other apps will zoom the item tapped upon to fill the screen. Two-finger double-tap again, and it zooms back out to the normal view. This zoom remains preserved when you go back a page and back forward.
Apple also offers a systemwide zoom in the Accessibility preference pane: open the pane, select Zoom, and you can opt to enable or disable the Use Scroll Gesture with Modifier Keys to Zoom. (The Control key is the default modifier.)

2/ Prevent tracking in Safari —  macOS High Sierra will have a feature called Intelligent Tracking Prevention, and Sierra already has some anti-tracking abilities. Safari uses machine learning to prevent tracking in the browser, specially cross-site tracking. Open Safari and go to Preferences (press ⌘+,, or Safari > Preferences in the menu).
Click on the Privacy tab in the window that pops up.
You’ll see a new Website Tracking section (shown above) with two items: ‘Prevent cross-site tracking’ and ‘Ask websites not to track me’. The latter is also found in macOS Sierra and is equivalent to a Do Not Track setting. However, most websites won’t voluntarily honour this setting, and aren’t even legally obligated to do so.
(Apple also streamlined cookie blocking in Safari 11. Instead of having the usual settings like Always block, Allow from current website only, Allow from websites I visit, Always allow, in macOS High Sierra you will also just get the option to block all cookies, since Intelligent Tracking Prevention does the rest.)

3/ Use Modifier Keys with Safari history — You can click-and-hold on Safari’s back button to see a list of where you’ve been (above). This lets you quickly jump back to somewhere without hitting that back button several times.
There are a couple of things you can do with this button to make it even cooler: if you’re looking for URLs instead, hold down the Option key on your keyboard before you click and click-and-hold the back button to do just that.
If you want to keep your existing page as a tab or a window before you open something from your history, that’s easy too. Obviously, when you click the back button without holding it, Safari will go back to the last page you visited. Hold down the Shift key on your keyboard and click that button, and the browser will instead open your last page in a new window. If you hold down Command, your last page will open in a new tab.
This Shift-or-Command trick also works if you have the history view open (History menu>Show All History). If you click-and-hold on your back button to bring up that little popover, holding down Shift and choosing any of the pages you visited opens it in a new window; Command opens it in a new tab. This behavior is actually all through Safari: shift-click a bookmark or a history item, and it’ll open in a new window; Command-click a link, and it’ll open in a new tab.
(If your version of Safari isn’t behaving in the way described here, be sure to check out your settings at Safari > Preferences under the Tabs section.)

4/ Changing your WiFi Password on an AirPort device — Sometimes you’ve may want to change your Wi-Fi password – perhaps you gave it to someone you now wish you hadn’t, or maybe your roommate moved out, but you’ve seen them outside your house leeching off your connection. (I’m sure that’s happened to someone.) If you have an Apple router (like a Time Capsule, AirPort Extreme, AirPort Express), it’s really simple to change this.
Launch AirPort Utility (it’s in the Applications > Utilities folder, which you can easily get to using Finder’s Go menu.)
When AirPort Utility opens, click on your AirPort device and choose Edit.
You may have to enter the password for your device to do this; this is usually the same as your Wi-Fi password, but if it’s not, then…uh…just keep on guessing until you figure it out. Fingers crossed. (You might consider going and checking your keychain to see if it’s stored there if you’re having trouble.)
Once you click Edit, choose the Wireless tab at the top. There you’ll find your wireless password.
So just type what you’d like your new one to be into both the first password box and the Verify Password box. Be sure that the ‘Remember this password in my keychain’ choice is on, too, but don’t mess with any other settings there unless you know what you’re doing.
After your options are set, click Update. AirPort Utility will then of course warn you of what you’re about to do, and restart the device – full service will recommence after reboot.
Keep two things in in mind: first, changing your Wi-Fi password doesn’t change your base station device’s password; if you’d like to make that the same, head over to the Base Station tab within AirPort Utility.
Secondly, everything you own that connects to your Wi-Fi – iPhones, iPads, computers, Apple TVs, and printers, for example – will need to be reconnected to your network afterward, so don’t undertake this task lightly as you’ll be typing the new password into all those devices. It’s no fun to spend the evening changing passwords on printers if you haven’t planned for it.

5/ Use Terminal to send the macOS Help Viewer to the back — You can access your Mac’s built-in support info by choosing Help from the menu at the top of any program. There is one irritation, though: the Help Viewer window always sits on top of everything else, even if you switch programs. It will stay in front until you close it (although you can Minimise it into the Dock by clicking the orange button at top left). Staying on top of everything can be frustrating  when you’re attempting to try out a solution that the help pages suggest.
Luckily, you can change this behavior through Terminal (it’s in your Utilities folder inside the Applications folder). To do so, copy the following command…

defaults write com.apple.helpviewer DevMode -bool YES

…and paste it into the Terminal program after the flashing prompt. When the command is pasted in, press Return, and then the Help Viewer window will behave just like most of the other windows on your Mac: if you click on another window or program, it’ll move to the background.
If you decide you want to put things back the way they were, just go back to Terminal, replace the “YES” with “NO” in the command, and press Return:

defaults write com.apple.helpviewer DevMode -bool NO

Five Tip Friday ~ Checking the weather Reminders, Night Shift Calendar & extra extras


1/ Check the Weather quickly using Spotlight — If you’re curious what the weather is like, you can launch the stock or a 3rd party weather app, sure, or just pull down on a Home Screen page to get Spotlight (device and ’net search) to appear. Type in “weather (and location)” to get the weather report for that spot. You’ll get the details you’re looking for. The same applies to any day within the normal seven-day forecast period. This Spotlight trick works on iPad, too. (It even works on macOS in Spotlight.)

2/ Delete all Reminders in a list — Sometimes, you want to quickly delete all reminders in a list. People use the Reminders app as a catch-all for everything we want to remember, whether it’s work-related or a group of tasks we need to cary out.
Within iOS, there’s a way to delete not only the list, but also all the reminders within that list. This works for things you’ve marked as completed, along with tasks that you haven’t tapped to show them as done. Launch the Reminders app and navigate to the list you want to delete.
Now, tap the Edit button in the top right corner of the app.
Scroll to the bottom (if you can’t see it it) and find the item that says Delete List.
Tap that option and confirm you want to delete all the reminders. (This is a viable on Mac too: secondary click (right- or Control-click) the name of the list and choose Delete. If you are working in iCloud.com, you can go to a Reminders list, click on Options, and then choose Delete. When you delete a Reminders list from one device, that action will take place on every device logged into the same iCloud account.

3/ Night Shift Mode into Staying on All the Time — You can have Night Shift on iOS on all the time if you prefer the softer lighting (it’s more yellowish) of Night Shift mode all the time. Night Shift is most useful after sunset, you may want to have it enabled all the time. This display-based setting makes your screen “warmer,” usually at night, to cut down on blue light exposure which is believed to keep people awake. To get to this setting: Settings> Display & Brightness> Night Shift. The default is to have the mode activate at sunset, and then deactivate at sunrise but you can also set custom start and stop times for the mode.
To keep Night Shift on during the day, you need to set custom hours for the feature. Unfortunately, you can’t set the start and stop times the same so you have to decide on a one-minute time of the day (or night) when it’s okay for the mode to briefly deactivate: for example, Night Shift could temporarily stop at 1:59am. Then, the mode turns back on at 2am.

4/ Set your default Calendar across devices — People can find their Mac set to add events by default to one calendar while their iPhone is adding them automatically to a different one. This can make it seem that iPhone events are colour-coded differently to Mac events, which is confusing.
All your Apple devices that can sync with your iCloud account have a “default calendar” setting that’ll be applied when you don’t specifically change which one you’d like to add an event to. On the iPhone and iPad, this option is listed under Settings > Calendar. On the Mac, this setting is within Calendar > Preferences under the “General” tab.

5/ Dealing with other calendar services — When a device is set to sync to a calendar (say, a Google one) and that particular calendar isn’t even configured on another of that person’s devices, it will make it seem like everything from one device is disappearing. You can check which accounts you’ve got set to sync calendars on the Mac under System Preferences > Internet Accounts.
Any of your accounts that have “Calendars” listed in grey underneath their names are syncing that service with your Mac. Verify that you’ve got the same list turned on for your iPhone or iPad at Settings > Calendar > Accounts.

Extra – The Health app: as Apple Insider puts it in a detailed explanation, the launchpad for all things is the Health Data tab, which lists all of the categories the app can handle. While Activity, Mindfulness, Nutrition and Sleep are front-and-center, others include Body Measurements,  Health Records, Reproductive Health, Results and Vitals. These all break down into numerous subcategories, where the real meat of the app is found. Under “Activity,” for instance, are items like steps, workout duration, and active energy consumption. Tapping on one displays a graph with adjustable views, as well as an explanation, suggested apps, and a set of configuration options.

Extra extra — the logic of iPhone/iPad Force Quitting: The Mac Observer has a detailed description of why and when you may need to do this, and when you should’t worry.